ICU 69.1  69.1
stringpiece.h
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1 // © 2016 and later: Unicode, Inc. and others.
2 // License & terms of use: http://www.unicode.org/copyright.html
3 // Copyright (C) 2009-2013, International Business Machines
4 // Corporation and others. All Rights Reserved.
5 //
6 // Copyright 2001 and onwards Google Inc.
7 // Author: Sanjay Ghemawat
8 
9 // This code is a contribution of Google code, and the style used here is
10 // a compromise between the original Google code and the ICU coding guidelines.
11 // For example, data types are ICU-ified (size_t,int->int32_t),
12 // and API comments doxygen-ified, but function names and behavior are
13 // as in the original, if possible.
14 // Assertion-style error handling, not available in ICU, was changed to
15 // parameter "pinning" similar to UnicodeString.
16 //
17 // In addition, this is only a partial port of the original Google code,
18 // limited to what was needed so far. The (nearly) complete original code
19 // is in the ICU svn repository at icuhtml/trunk/design/strings/contrib
20 // (see ICU ticket 6765, r25517).
21 
22 #ifndef __STRINGPIECE_H__
23 #define __STRINGPIECE_H__
24 
30 #include "unicode/utypes.h"
31 
32 #if U_SHOW_CPLUSPLUS_API
33 
34 #include <cstddef>
35 #include <type_traits>
36 
37 #include "unicode/uobject.h"
38 #include "unicode/std_string.h"
39 
40 // Arghh! I wish C++ literals were "string".
41 
42 U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
43 
61  private:
62  const char* ptr_;
63  int32_t length_;
64 
65  public:
70  StringPiece() : ptr_(nullptr), length_(0) { }
71 
77  StringPiece(const char* str);
78 #if defined(__cpp_char8_t) || defined(U_IN_DOXYGEN)
84  StringPiece(const char8_t* str) : StringPiece(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(str)) {}
85 #endif
92  StringPiece(std::nullptr_t p) : ptr_(p), length_(0) {}
93 
98  StringPiece(const std::string& str)
99  : ptr_(str.data()), length_(static_cast<int32_t>(str.size())) { }
100 #if defined(__cpp_lib_char8_t) || defined(U_IN_DOXYGEN)
105  StringPiece(const std::u8string& str)
106  : ptr_(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(str.data())),
107  length_(static_cast<int32_t>(str.size())) { }
108 #endif
109 
132  template <typename T,
133  typename = typename std::enable_if<
134  (std::is_same<decltype(T().data()), const char*>::value
135 #if defined(__cpp_char8_t)
136  || std::is_same<decltype(T().data()), const char8_t*>::value
137 #endif
138  ) &&
139  std::is_same<decltype(T().size()), size_t>::value>::type>
140  StringPiece(T str)
141  : ptr_(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(str.data())),
142  length_(static_cast<int32_t>(str.size())) {}
143 
150  StringPiece(const char* offset, int32_t len) : ptr_(offset), length_(len) { }
151 #if defined(__cpp_char8_t) || defined(U_IN_DOXYGEN)
158  StringPiece(const char8_t* str, int32_t len) :
159  StringPiece(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(str), len) {}
160 #endif
161 
168  StringPiece(const StringPiece& x, int32_t pos);
177  StringPiece(const StringPiece& x, int32_t pos, int32_t len);
178 
189  const char* data() const { return ptr_; }
195  int32_t size() const { return length_; }
201  int32_t length() const { return length_; }
207  UBool empty() const { return length_ == 0; }
208 
213  void clear() { ptr_ = nullptr; length_ = 0; }
214 
221  void set(const char* xdata, int32_t len) { ptr_ = xdata; length_ = len; }
222 
228  void set(const char* str);
229 
230 #if defined(__cpp_char8_t) || defined(U_IN_DOXYGEN)
237  inline void set(const char8_t* xdata, int32_t len) {
238  set(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(xdata), len);
239  }
240 
246  inline void set(const char8_t* str) {
247  set(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(str));
248  }
249 #endif
250 
256  void remove_prefix(int32_t n) {
257  if (n >= 0) {
258  if (n > length_) {
259  n = length_;
260  }
261  ptr_ += n;
262  length_ -= n;
263  }
264  }
265 
271  void remove_suffix(int32_t n) {
272  if (n >= 0) {
273  if (n <= length_) {
274  length_ -= n;
275  } else {
276  length_ = 0;
277  }
278  }
279  }
280 
288  int32_t find(StringPiece needle, int32_t offset);
289 
297  int32_t compare(StringPiece other);
298 
303  static const int32_t npos; // = 0x7fffffff;
304 
313  StringPiece substr(int32_t pos, int32_t len = npos) const {
314  return StringPiece(*this, pos, len);
315  }
316 };
317 
325 U_EXPORT UBool U_EXPORT2
326 operator==(const StringPiece& x, const StringPiece& y);
327 
335 inline UBool operator!=(const StringPiece& x, const StringPiece& y) {
336  return !(x == y);
337 }
338 
339 U_NAMESPACE_END
340 
341 #endif /* U_SHOW_CPLUSPLUS_API */
342 
343 #endif // __STRINGPIECE_H__
A string-like object that points to a sized piece of memory.
Definition: stringpiece.h:60
StringPiece substr(int32_t pos, int32_t len=npos) const
Returns a substring of this StringPiece.
Definition: stringpiece.h:313
UBool empty() const
Returns whether the string is empty.
Definition: stringpiece.h:207
StringPiece(const char *str)
Constructs from a NUL-terminated const char * pointer.
void set(const char *str)
Reset the stringpiece to refer to new data.
StringPiece(const StringPiece &x, int32_t pos, int32_t len)
Substring of another StringPiece.
const char * data() const
Returns the string pointer.
Definition: stringpiece.h:189
StringPiece(T str)
Constructs from some other implementation of a string piece class, from any C++ record type that has ...
Definition: stringpiece.h:140
StringPiece(const char8_t *str)
Constructs from a NUL-terminated const char8_t * pointer.
Definition: stringpiece.h:84
StringPiece(const std::u8string &str)
Constructs from a std::u8string.
Definition: stringpiece.h:105
int32_t find(StringPiece needle, int32_t offset)
Searches the StringPiece for the given search string (needle);.
static const int32_t npos
Maximum integer, used as a default value for substring methods.
Definition: stringpiece.h:303
void clear()
Sets to an empty string.
Definition: stringpiece.h:213
void set(const char8_t *xdata, int32_t len)
Resets the stringpiece to refer to new data.
Definition: stringpiece.h:237
StringPiece()
Default constructor, creates an empty StringPiece.
Definition: stringpiece.h:70
StringPiece(std::nullptr_t p)
Constructs an empty StringPiece.
Definition: stringpiece.h:92
void set(const char8_t *str)
Resets the stringpiece to refer to new data.
Definition: stringpiece.h:246
void set(const char *xdata, int32_t len)
Reset the stringpiece to refer to new data.
Definition: stringpiece.h:221
int32_t size() const
Returns the string length.
Definition: stringpiece.h:195
void remove_prefix(int32_t n)
Removes the first n string units.
Definition: stringpiece.h:256
int32_t compare(StringPiece other)
Compares this StringPiece with the other StringPiece, with semantics similar to std::string::compare(...
void remove_suffix(int32_t n)
Removes the last n string units.
Definition: stringpiece.h:271
StringPiece(const char8_t *str, int32_t len)
Constructs from a const char8_t * pointer and a specified length.
Definition: stringpiece.h:158
int32_t length() const
Returns the string length.
Definition: stringpiece.h:201
StringPiece(const StringPiece &x, int32_t pos)
Substring of another StringPiece.
StringPiece(const std::string &str)
Constructs from a std::string.
Definition: stringpiece.h:98
StringPiece(const char *offset, int32_t len)
Constructs from a const char * pointer and a specified length.
Definition: stringpiece.h:150
UMemory is the common ICU base class.
Definition: uobject.h:115
U_EXPORT UBool operator==(const StringPiece &x, const StringPiece &y)
Global operator == for StringPiece.
UBool operator!=(const StringPiece &x, const StringPiece &y)
Global operator != for StringPiece.
Definition: stringpiece.h:335
#define U_EXPORT
Definition: platform.h:828
C++ API: Central ICU header for including the C++ standard <string> header and for related definition...
int8_t UBool
The ICU boolean type, a signed-byte integer.
Definition: umachine.h:269
C++ API: Common ICU base class UObject.
Basic definitions for ICU, for both C and C++ APIs.
#define U_COMMON_API
Set to export library symbols from inside the common library, and to import them from outside.
Definition: utypes.h:300